You have placed a “monumental” task on your hands to remember all of that information. In fact, I deal with this type stuff on a daily basis and I don’t even have the desire to know all of them at a moments notice…lol
Fact is, it is much easier to simply visit each manufacturers website and do a search or lookup and print off any literature they may have. Another thing is find a contact at each company (e.g. Eaton, Schneider, GE, Siemens) and request a list of all produced OCPD’s and you may be shocked at what they provide.
At the least they will more than likely give you a current list or direct you to where it can be found. Another good resource is the download list of “Classified” circuit breakers from Eaton which also lists many of the models and makes on the market. Since the “Classifieds” are fairly new (well new enough) that any of the lists will have fairly extensive models listed so a quick search on the internet may bring you all the information you need.
Ironically enough If I was teaching an HI about OCPD and learning the various brands I would probably say don’t bother. Just learn things like 1) knowing then mix-matches occur 2) be generic in your statements about them unless you know 100% otherwise.
Now in terms of residential applications the volume is fairly easy since the typical set is (1) Single Poles and (2) Double Poles, which are made by all the major players…you would not see a (3) Three Pole or 4 Four Pole being used in Residential…unless they are simply tandoms which are not really using multiple contact points…they still use the single or double pole contact points on the buss…but they may just have multiple connection options to each of the contact points (buss).
But there is alot to learn about each manufacturer and breakers change model numbers often, other than the base models ID’s which have become standard…like the “BR” style which is industry universal in its connection method…but usually that is the standard line and then you have the premium lines like Square D (Schneider) “QO” (Pro line) and Cutler-Hammer (Eatons) “CH” line…yet both make the “BR” basic line as well.
So while not helpful probably…It’s a start to your quest.