I am looking for some advice on this deck situation. Most of the decks I see are constructed like this - rim joist attached to the posts with bolts. Ideally there should be a beam under the joists and that beam should be resting on and attached to the posts. In this situation the rim joist is bolted to the posts and it serves as the end beam.
Is there ever a situation where this is ok?
What verbiage would you use?
Observation I have included in my report so far are listed below.
For added child safety I recommend reducing the riser openings to less than 4 inches or totally enclose them.
Decks greater than 6 feet above grade should have diagonal bracing from posts to girder, and/or from posts to joists for added stability.
The weight of the deck(s) was being supported by the sheer strength of the bolts. The beams should bear directly on the posts. Recommend a licensed contractor evaluate the deck and make necessary repairs.
No visible deck ledger board flashing. The flashing protects the ledger and keeps water away from the side of the house. There was no visible damage. Repair as needed.
Some flaking paint/sealant noted. Suggest cleaning and sealing the deck(s), steps and railings where needed.
The upper level deck railing was loose Recommend a securing the railings where needed.
For added safety balusters should be added to the open area of the stairs to prevent a fall.
Thank you for your advice all!!
Have a safe day
Would not fly here on for a few reasons. Biggest concern is the weight of the deck resting on the bolts alone, All fasteners have a sheer rating which can be easily determined.
Also the smaller deck area help up by bracing is a possible hazard.
I think you got it covered but I suggest the buyer see if the local building department issued a permit and passed this installation. I’m guessing this was not permitted.
One other note beside the many:
The top deck also appears to be attached to the home.
PROHIBITED LEDGER ATTACHMENTS
Attachments to exterior veneers (brick, masonry, stone)
and to cantilevered floor overhangs or bay windows are
prohibited. In such cases the deck shall be free-standing.
Footing. The concrete pad that supports the column pedestal. The footing
extends into the ground where it spreads out the weight of the porch or deck.
Footings should be made of concrete and extend to a depth of at least 36
inches below the top of soil.
Technically it should have a concrete pedestal and the column or post should have a metal pad [attachment] help me with the name… to prevent water osmosis into the wood .