Start looking at the ridge of your roof!
“If you ware a drop of rain, where would you go”?
Gutter deficiencies are the most common cause of this moisture intrusion around here.
Gutters may not be properly sized and water will overflow/back flow the gutter system and hit the foundation.
Complex roof designs channel water to centralize locations which may not have the capacity.
Gutter downspouts discharge against foundations without proper diversion away from the building.
The elevation difference between the yard and the bottom of your basement is specifically relative to the hydrostatic pressure of that water. It does not matter how much water but how much elevation differential is involved.
Foundation drains which are buried below grade may be leaking at the corner of the foundation. Gutter downspouts are sometimes installed into these drains improperly.
Depending on the age of the house the soil is generally not compacted against the foundation wall because what it is still green and it may be damaged from the soil pressure. It takes several years for the soil to adequately compact and resists moisture infiltration. In the meanwhile we must keep the water away from the foundation/footer.
This settling causes a negative grade against the foundation where windblown rain and gutter overflow land against the foundation and cannot flow away into the yard. The result is water into the crawlspace.
99% of the houses I inspect have these issues (in one respect or another) including new homes.
Before you take remedial action to dry proof your basement, always address the source of the moisture. Often, addressing the source will alleviate the problem entirely.
Concrete (which foundations are constructed of) is not waterproof (even though they make dams from this material).
Under few conditions subterranean water flow and wet weather Springs, to include artesian Springs may also be the source of the water, but these are much less likely of an occurrence.