I completed a warranty inspection on a home built in 2021. None of the bedrooms had a light fixture in the ceiling. In each location, a round blank cover was mounted to the box where a fixture would have been. The owner of the home said this is how the home was when she bought the property. The builder explained to her that as long as each room had a wall receptacle connected to the switch by the door, it is compliant. The area falls under the 2018 IRC, 2018 IBC, and 2020 NEC. I have looked through each of these and cannot confirm. Might just be looking in the wrong place too.
Can someone point me to where this is code compliant? Thanks. I don’t have pictures uploaded yet, so sorry about that.
Few homes built after the 1930s have ceiling fixtures in the bedrooms. It is an option if your having a home built, but you have to ask for it and it costs. Luminaries cost more than outlets and wires are not typically strung through the ceiling (easier to do before the sheetrock).
This is very common in my area. Because a light fixture is not required to be installed in the ceiling of a bedroom you will not find a code saying a wall fixture is not required in each bedroom. There is usually a box installed with wiring for light and fan usually separate switches.
The code reference the OP was looking for and Robert Meier mentioned above:
IRC E3903.2 Habitable rooms. At least one wall switch-controlled
lighting outlet shall be installed in every habitable
room, kitchen and bathroom. [210.70(A)(1)] Exceptions:
In other than kitchens and bathrooms, one or more
receptacles controlled by a wall switch shall be considered
equivalent to the required lighting outlet.
[210.70(A)(1) Exception No. 1]
Lighting outlets shall be permitted to be controlled by
occupancy sensors that are in addition to wall
switches, or that are located at a customary wall
switch location and equipped with a manual override
that will allow the sensor to function as a wall switch.
[210.70(A)(1) Exception No. 2]
This was a Richfield development. I’ve done a dozen warranty inspections in this neighborhood and this was the first time I came across this. The blanks were all wired, just found it strange they didn’t install even cheap fixtures.
Oddly enough, they prewired the house for solar too. Another first for me.
I live in a 55+ community at Ocala, FL, and that’s how it is done here. If overhead lighting is not ordered at design, wiring is done to the box and a wall switch, but a cover is installed on the box.
They do connect a switch to a certain outlet, with a red dot on the wall switch and one on the corresponding outlet, so a lamp can be utilized.
Last week at an 11 month inspection, I found a marked outlet where both upper and lower outlets remained energized when the marked outlet was turned on-off, so I reported it as a defect.
It has been a requirement for all new construction here in Manitoba, Canada for at least the past 8 years. They are even considering going back to a ceiling light in the living room and dens. So basically at leat one permanent light fixture in each room.