What do you think???

I am just bored and tring to start a new thread here for fun. Let me know what you think about this.

This circuit is runnung 2 bedrooms (ceiling fans w/light, and all outlets approx 8 ea. rm.), One bathroom (all lights, exhaust fan, and outlets), and the hall lights (3).

The contractor said that he did all the work (complete rehab) including all electric, and that this 30 yr. old home is currently up to code;-). This is just one of four of the splices in the attic.

What are your thoughts. Be nice!!!


What exactly do you mean Tim, whether or not the splice should be in a junction box?..of course…!!

But the Bathroom should been on a separate circuit.


Correct me if I’m wrong gentlemen, but don’t just the GFCI recep’s need to A) either be on a separate circuit including all bathroom GFCI’s, or B) tied in with everything for just one bathroom, including fans, lights, etc?


**Long but helpful

Question 4. **We have had confusion regarding 210.11©(3), Exception, and 210.23(A), Exception. Can a bath light/fan and other light fixture(s) be on the 20-A, GFCI receptacle circuit if it feeds *only *a single bath room? Is there anything else to know about 210.11 and 210.23? — B.S.

         **Answer 4. **The               question is being answered with the 2002 *NEC* as a guide               document. The exact words of Section 210.11(C)(3), Exception,               are as follows: "Where the 20-ampere circuit supplies a               single bathroom, outlets for other equipment within the same               bathroom shall be permitted to be supplied in accordance with               210.23(A)."The base rule of 210.11, Branch Circuits               Required, (C) Dwelling Units, (3) Bathroom Branch Circuits               states, "In addition to the number of branch circuits               required by other parts of this section, at least one               20-ampere branch circuit shall be provided to supply the               bathroom receptacle outlet(s). 
         Such circuit shall have no               other outlets. "Thus if you have a dwelling unit with three               bathrooms on the same floor level or one or two other floor               levels, you can take one 20-ampere branch circuit and feed the               GFCI [210.8(A)(1)] protected receptacles in each one on that               single circuit. But it is not to have any other outlet(s),               meaning other than receptacles on it.With that said and under our first scenario               you could have a receptacle in each of the three bathrooms or               more in all three provided that you do not have any light               outlets, fan units or other loads on that circuit. But what               the exception, as was restated above, allows you to do if you               choose and have enough branch circuit spaces available in the               panelboard is to take one 20-ampere branch circuit to a               bathroom; or if you have more than one bathroom in the               dwelling, you can take a separate 20-ampere branch circuit to               each bathroom location and then since it only serves that one               room, you can have other outlets or have other equipment on               that same circuit. 

         Perhaps now is a good time to review the               definition of *outlet* per Article 100 which states:               "Outlet. A point on the wiring system at which current is               taken to supply utilization equipment." This could be a               light or fan unit or combination of both or a smoke detector               if you chose to put one in the bathroom area. Possibly even a               motor to a hydromassage tub unit depending on its size. Remember under the exception, it stated,               "to be supplied in accordance with" and we were               directed to 210.23(A). 
         With 210.23 being Permissible Loads and               (A), being 15- and 20-ampere Branch Circuits, the requirement               then indicates "a 15- or 20-ampere branch circuit shall               be permitted to supply lighting units or other utilization               equipment, or a combination of both, and shall comply with               210.23(A)(1) and (A)(2)." Then(A)(1) states that               "The rating of any one cord-and-plug-connected               utilization equipment shall not exceed 80 percent of the               branch-circuit ampere rating." (A)(2) follow with,

"The total rating of utilization equipment fastened in place, other than luminaires (lighting fixtures), shall not exceed 50 percent of the branch-circuit ampere rating where lighting units, cord-and-plug-connected utilization equipment not fastened in place, or both, are also supplied."Under (A)(1) and with a 20-ampere circuit at 80 percent, you cannot have a cord-and-plug-connected piece of utilization equipment with a load greater than 16 amperes. As well under (A)(2) the total fastened in place utilization equipment cannot exceed 50 percent of the branch circuit ampere rating; or with a 20-ampere circuit have more than 10 amperes supplying that fixed piece of equipment and have lights or cord-and-plug equipment on that same circuit. Oftentimes what we see are baths with a hydro-massage bathtub and a connection made to that circuit, which puts the motor at a single-phase 120-volt, 1/2-hp motor or smaller. If the hydromassage tub has a ¾-hp motor or larger, then a separate circuit would be required; and oftentimes the listing by the manufacturer or nationally recognized testing laboratory and its labeling may require a separate circuit and not allow it to be fed by the single 20-ampere circuit going to the bathroom.

         In conclusion, the question as asked               indicates "can a bath light/fan unit (fixed piece of               utilization equipment, non-cord-and-plug connected utilization               equipment) and other light fixtures be on a single 20-ampere               GFCI circuit if it feeds only a single bathroom." The               answer is yes provided the "bath light/fan unit"  does not exceed the 50 percent requirement at 10 amperes on a               20-ampere branch circuit. The important thing to remember is               that 210.11 addresses branch circuits required and (3) covers               bathroom branch circuits. Whereas 210.23 addresses permissible               loads and the two sections are cross-referenced. I am a firm               believer in the more circuits the better and lightly load them               because we all know that future electrical loads will be added               and oftentimes are not planned for. **— Ray Weber, CMP-3**

Dale…I was just curious as to what one would say about what they found here and what they would tell their contractor who did the work. This was meant just for fun.

I would simply say the electrician needs to make repairs…:smiley:

The worst part of that is the fact that when the stuff you can see is that bad, the stuff you can’t see will be downright scary.

Ask Marc. We get to fix stuff like this done by “the contractor” all the time.

Other than the fact that we can make money off their mistakes, I can’t stand “do it all” contractors!

I completly agree with you Mark…If only we could use a hammer during our inspections and get away with it.:smiley: Maybe we can put this in as part of our inspection agreement… All damage done to the property in order to observe any hidden damage, or issues that may cause concern to the inspector during the inspection is the sole responsibility of buyers name. buyers name will cover all cost of repairs and all other fees associated to repairing the damage …

Yes, indeed. It’s hard for me to get too excited about pictures like this anymore. There comes a point in time when you see BS like this so often, you take it in stride. It’s a shame, really. I have to pretend to be excited and worked up when I point out these hazards to a homeowner in their home, otherwise they’d think my calmness was an indication that it’s not a big problem.

Yes, I hate the “do it all” contractors too. There’s very darned few who do it all well. Most of them do it all half shod. A man’s got to get sorted out what he’s good at, and what he sucks at. Sub out the stuff you suck at. The sad thing is, I’m afraid, that a lot of these guys actually think they do good work when we know they don’t.

If this contractor did the work on the electrical system did he pull the permit with this mess ???

I am not suprised about the flying splices I ran into more than I care recall it.

Really a good contractor should double check all the works in the building to make sure everthing is legit per code requirement.

That kind of mess I done that all the time to fix other mess to get the code legit in correct manner.


although this is probably redundant at this time i would simply state numerous electrical defects need repaired by qualified Electrician…simple as that

This is SO true.

I bet if you pointed this out to them at least half would say “What? It’s a safe splice.”

Besides the bad splices, too many outlets on the circuit. Where I live 12 is max load for a 15A lighting circuit.

John Kogel

that is not how the NEC works. If you want, you can install a recep. in every stud bay and have 40 each in two bedrooms all served by a single 15 amp breaker.

The load calculation requires a minimum of 3 watts per sf for general lighting, and it is up to the installing electrician to balance the lighting load throughout the home. There is no per se limit on the number of receps. This is not true for commercial, where there is a limit.

Those sorts of limits in residential are unique to Canada. As pointed out, no such restriction exists in a dwelling in the US.

Sounds like my 60 year old house before I began re-wiring it.

And then there was some dim-wit who did some “remodeling” about 10 years ago. He apparently doesn’t believe in junction boxes, since splices were buried directing in the cellulose insulation of the attic (even within a foot of the once heavily leaking chimney flashing) and were dangling from the exposed floor joists in the basement. He also seems to think that electrical tape is a suitable alternative to wire nuts, for his unboxed splices were all “secured” with a light layer of it. :|.)

What is all this talk about thay mans joint?

It works don’t it :mrgreen: :mrgreen: :mrgreen: