Originally Posted By: M. Hancock
This post was automatically imported from our archived forum.
They are required per the 1999 NEC, Article 210-12. “All branch circuits that supply 125 volt, single phase, 15 and 20 ampere receptacle outlets installed in dwelling unit bedrooms shall be protected by an arc fault circuit interrupter(s). This requirement shall become effective January 1, 2002.” This is why there aren’t any AFCI receptacles manufactured, as the entire circuit must be protected.
The 2002 NEC, article 210.12 changed, the word receptacle was removed and now states “…15 and 20 ampere outlets installed …”, which under the '02 code requires that not only receptacles be AFCI protected but also lights and possibly smoke detectors as they are an outlet. Check with your local jurisdiction to see if they have amended the smoke detectors out of this requirement, as the local jurisdiction where I work will do so when we adopt the 2002 NEC.
The 2005 NEC is essentially the same as the 2002, with some exceptions for protecting the entire branch circuit.
NOTE: This requirement is only for installations performed after January 1, 2002. Not a retrofit requirement.