The receptacles are interchangeable (interior/exterior), it’s the covers that make them “weatherproof.”
There are “weather-proof” covers, and there are “in-use weather-proof” covers. I’m sorry that I can’t provide you with the year when weather-proof covers were required, but it has been at least since the late 1960’s.
In-use weather-proof covers have been a requirement since the 2002 NEC (2004 for CA), which may be what this “electrician” is referring to.
406.8 Receptacles in Damp or Wet Locations.
(A) Damp Locations. A receptacle installed outdoors in a location protected from the weather or in other damp locations shall have an enclosure for the receptacle that is weatherproof when the receptacle is covered (attachment plug cap not inserted and receptacle covers closed). An installation suitable for wet locations shall also be considered suitable for damp locations.
A receptacle shall be considered to be in a location protected from the weather where located under roofed open porches, canopies, marquees, and the like, and will not be subjected to a beating rain or water runoff.