ound this yesterday. I know this issue is frequently discussed but haven’t seen this particular situation on the board recently. I’m tossing it out here for comment and discussion. Share your thoughts. The panel installation sure looked pretty.:shock:
Connection of the neutral and grounding conductors under the same lug/terminal has never been allowed.
I wouldn’t call this a “double tap,” I would just call it “wrong.”
Agreed…from Mike Holt’s site:
This has never been legal but it is very common. When these are both on the same circuit it is not a particular hazard but it is still wrong.
The real “douple lug neutral” thing addresses having to disturb one circuit to work on another. It is similar to the requirement about pigtailing multiwire neutrals.
Good info Greg. That’s why I underlined some text in the attachment.
Each grounded conductor shall terminate within the panelboard in an individual terminal that is not also used for another conductor.
I agree. It presents no real “hazard” but it does not agree with the code in section 408.21. Its frustrating when the manufacturer seems to indicate its permissible by the following text on the panel door.
Read the line that begins “When used as service equipment…”
What have you done when you have seen this wiring method?
Did I read that wrong, does it say “Any unused nuetral holes may be used for equipment grounds”?
Yes that is what it says. Note it doesn’t say you can stick neutrals in spare ground bus holes.
extra credit for the first person who knows why (code wise)
Michael, I’m not following you. Grounding conductors can have more than one conductor under a lug screw, as/when stated on the panel board label, but grounded wires cannot.
Is that what you mean?
That’s what it says, Though that’s only for 'Service Equipment" use
Otherwise the left bar is ground and the right bar is Neutral if the jumper is not in place in this panel.
Open the attachment in Larry’s post #3. That graphic makes it very clear. Sorry for any confustion. Grounded conductor is the term for “Neutral”.
I think a neutral and ground wire on a single lug is just as much of an issue/defect as double lug neutrals or hot wires. Part of the problem with conductors that regularly carry significant current is wire to wire contact that causes an inferior electrical connection (as opposed to one wire per terminal with good contact against the set screw and lug where the wire is compressed). While the ground wire doesn’t regularly carry current, the neutral wire most likely does since it’s for a house.
I would write it up the same way, and call it a day
JMO & 2-nickels …
So the opposite of unused equipment ground holes being used for neutral wires isn’t specifically allowed … so it should’t be done (often is though).
I’m assuming thats because neutral wires in a house normally carry current, where you want a more direct connection between the circuit neutral wire and the service entrance neutral wire (which should be directly connected to the neutral buss).
Also, if ya have a neutral on the grounding buss and there is a problem with the buss strap or bonding lugs, there may be a hot circuit that appears to be dead, which could be a hazard (similar to the reason fused neutrals are not allowed any more).
It’s always good to understand the reason behind code/labeling provisions …
[P.S. How many times have ya seen neutrals on the ground buss in a service panel, or the service entrance feeder neutral wire connected to the ground buss lug … :roll: ]
Yup that’s it. If you attach a neutral to the grounding bus you get neutral current through the main bonding jumper and that is “objectionable current over the grounding conductors” 250.6(A)
Well, maybe only partial credit cause I realized I only gave the practical explanation without a code reference. But then again I have always been a fan of more practical explanations (particularly on this board) instead of just quoting straight code …
I agree, it makes a lot more sense to talk about the real problem and not just the code language. In a practical sense, when you connect a neutral to the ground bus you have the possibility of energizing the whole grounding system with a bonding jumper failure. In this case that could just be a loose screw where the bus attaches to the can.
I really like to see a 4 ga looped through all of the busses but that is not in the code.
In addition to 250.6.A, maybe throw in 110.3.B just for good measure (“code wise”) since it’s noted on the panel label …